Holding Aloft The Banner Of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism In Early Twentieth Century America
Publish Date: 1999-05-01
Author: Winston James
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Marcus Garvey, Claude McKay, Claudia Jones, C.L.R. James, Stokely Carmichael, Louis Farakhanthe roster of immigrants from the Caribbean who have made a profound impact on the development of radical politics in the United States is extensive. In this magisterial and lavishly illustrated work, Winston James focuses on the twentieth centurys first waves of immigrants from the Caribbean and their contribution to political dissidence in America.
Examining the way in which the characteristics of the societies they left shaped their perceptions of the land to which they traveled, Winston James draws sharp differences between Hispanic, Anglophone, and other non-Hispanic arrivals. He explores the interconnections between the Cuban independence struggle, Puerto Rican nationalism, Afro-American feminism, and black communism in the first turbulent decades of the twentieth century. He also provides fascinating insights into the peculiarities of Puerto Rican radicalisms impact in New York City and recounts the remarkable story of Afro-Cuban radicalism in Florida. Virgin Islander Hubert Harrison, whom A. Philip Randolph dubbed the father of Harlem radicalism, is rescued from the historical shadows by Jamess analysis of his pioneering contribution to Afro-Americas radical tradition. In addition to a subtle re-examination of Garveys Universal Negro Movement Associationincluding the exertions and contributions of its female membersJames provides the most detailed exploration so far undertaken of Cyril Briggs and his little-known but important African Blood Brotherhood.
This diligently researched, wide ranging and sophisticated book will be welcomed by all those interested in the Caribbean and its migrs, the Afro-American current within Americas radical tradition, and the history, politics, and culture of the African diaspora.