Trauma And The Ontology Of The Modern Subject: Historical Studies In Philosophy, Psychology, And Psychoanalysis
Publish Date: 2017-09-20
Author: John L. Roberts
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Recent scholarship has inquired into the socio-historical, discursive genesis of trauma. Traumaand the Ontology of the Modern Subject, however, seeks what has not been actualized in trauma studies that is, how the necessity and unassailable intensity of trauma is fastened to its historical emergence. We must ask not only what trauma means for the individual persons biography, but also what it means to be the historical subject of trauma. In other words, how does being human in this current period of history implicate ones lived possibilities that are threatened, and perhaps framed, through trauma? Foucauldian sensibilities inform a critical and structural analysis that is hermeneutically grounded.
Drawing on the history of ideas and on Lacans work in particular, John L. Roberts argues that what we mean by trauma has developed over time, and that it is intimately tied with an ontology of the subject; that is to say, what it is to be, and means to be human. He argues that modern subjectivity as articulated by Heidegger, Levinas, and Lacan is structurally traumatic, founded in its finitude as self-withdrawal in time, its temporal self-absence becoming the very conditions for agency, truth and knowledge. The book also argues that this fractured temporal horizon as an effect of an interrupting Otherness or alterity is obscured through the discourses and technologies of the psy-disciplines (psychiatry, psychology, and psychotherapy). Consideration is given to social, political, and economic consequences of this concealment.
Traumaand the Ontology of the Modern Subject will be of enduring interest to psychoanalysts and psychotherapists as well as scholars of philosophy and cultural studies.